**Abonnieren kostet nix ***Dokureihe aus dem Jahre1998 von Guido Knopp. Washington, DC 20024-2126 Die Fortsetzung zur Reihe um "Hitlers Helfer" vom erfolgreichsten deutschen Sachbuchautor des Jahres 1998. [23] After Germany defeated France in the Battle of France in six weeks, Keitel described Hitler as “the greatest warlord of all time”. [15] Keitel was promoted to Generaloberst (Colonel General) in November 1938. [3], Soon after his promotion, Keitel convinced Hitler to appoint Walther von Brauchitsch as Commander-in-Chief of the Army, replacing von Fritsch. [20], Keitel was predisposed to manipulation because of his limited intellect and nervous disposition; Hitler valued his hard work and obedience. Prosecutors indicted Keitel on all four of the main counts: Keitel's defense of superior orders was dismissed by the Tribunal, which found him guilty on all counts. I follow now my sons—all for Germany.”. Keitel rebuffed them, writing: "These doubts correspond to military ideas about wars of chivalry. [51] Many of the executed Nazis fell from the gallows with insufficient force to snap their necks, resulting in convulsions that in Keitel's case lasted 24 minutes. It was also pointed out that while he claimed the Commando Order, which ordered Allied commandos to be shot without trial, was illegal,[dubious – discuss] he had reaffirmed it and extended its application. Accessed 8 Feb. 2021. war of unprecedented brutality and criminality, Council of Ministers for Defense of the Reich, Guidelines for the Conduct of the Troops in Russia, https://www.huffpost.com/entry/henry-gerecke-nazis-minister_n_5701515, "Der Tod durch den Strick dauerte 15 Minuten", "The Nuremberg Hangings — Not So Smooth Either", "Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, Volume 2, Chapter XV, Part 3: The Reich Cabinet", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wilhelm_Keitel&oldid=1016907020, Knights of the House Order of Hohenzollern, People executed by the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, German people convicted of crimes against humanity, German people convicted of the international crime of aggression, People executed for crimes against humanity, Recipients of the clasp to the Iron Cross, 1st class, Recipients of the Hanseatic Cross (Bremen), Recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox criminal with known for parameter, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2021, Articles with disputed statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 April 2021, at 18:16. The International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg convicted Keitel on all counts and sentenced him to death. The eldest son of Carl Keitel (1854–1934), a middle-class landowner, and his wife Apollonia Vissering (1855–1888), he planned to take over his family's estates after completing his education at a gymnasium but this foundered on his father's resistance. He sat on the Army "court of honour" that handed over many officers who were involved, including Field Marshal Erwin von Witzleben, to Roland Freisler's notorious People's Court. After the invasion of Poland, he had received a “bonus” of 100,000 Reichsmarks for his loyalty. Keitel was born in the village of Helmscherode near Gandersheim in the Duchy of Brunswick, Germany. [32] The Nazi plans included mass arrests, population transfers and mass murder. Keitel's rise to the Wehrmacht high command began with his appointment as the head of the Armed Forces Office at the Reich Ministry of War in 1935. Braun bit into a cyanide capsule and Hitler shot himself. [39] Signed by Keitel,[40] the decree made it possible for foreign nationals to be transferred to Germany for trial by special courts, or simply handed to the Gestapo for deportation to concentration camps. Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel, Chef des Oberkommandos der Wehrmacht (OKW), wurde in Nürnberg angeklagt und verurteilt. He was fully subservient to Hitler and allowed the latter to control all military strategy. While a stronger personality might have challenged Hitler, Keitel was fiercely loyal and became little more than a conduit for Hitler's policies. (1.85 m) tall, later described as a solidly built and square-jawed Prussian. Hitlers Krieger Season 1 (4) 1998 12 Ich glaubte, ich irrte - das späte Reueeingeständnis des Nazi-Feldmarschalls Keitel vor dem Nürnberger Kriegsverbrechertribunal angesichts der Gräueltaten des deutschen Militärs bildet eine absolute Ausnahme. Birth Chart of Wilhelm Keitel, Astrology Horoscope, Astro, Birthday, Virgo Horoscope of Celebrity, filmography IMDb.com, Movies IMDb.com. Wilhelm Bodewin Johann Gustav Keitel (German pronunciation: [ˈkaɪ̯tl̩]; 22 September 1882 – 16 October 1946) was a German field marshal and war criminal who held office as Chief of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW), the high command of Nazi Germany's Armed Forces, during the Second World War. [10], On 21 January 1938, Keitel received evidence revealing that the wife of his superior, War Minister Werner von Blomberg, was a former prostitute. In addition, it ran up against resistance from cabinet ministers, who headed deeply entrenched spheres of influence and, seeing it as a threat to their power, worked together to undermine it. Adolf Hitler and Wilhelm Keitel examine the Polish armoured train No 13 General Sosnkowski, destroyed by the German Stukas on 10 September. [29], Keitel played an important role after the failed 20 July plot in 1944. I shall need him so much." [37] Such orders and directives further radicalised the army's occupational policies and enmeshed it in the genocide of the Jews. Wilhelm Canaris wurde als Sohn des Ingenieurs Carl Canaris, Technischer Leiter der Aplerbecker Hütte, und dessen Frau Auguste geborene Popp in Aplerbeck, heute Stadtteil von Dortmund, geboren.Er war das jüngste von vier Kindern, zwei Jungen und zwei Mädchen. Keitel was born on September 22nd 1882 near Hanover. On 7 May 1945, Alfred Jodl, on behalf of Dönitz, signed Germany's unconditional surrender on all fronts. Keitel had signed many decrees that contravened international law. Each episode is about a different character from Hitler`s Germany. [44] His defence relied almost entirely on the argument he was merely following orders in conformity to "the leader principle" (Führerprinzip) and his personal oath of loyalty to Hitler. Keitel issued a number of infamous directives, including the Commissar Order, which authorized the extra-legal murder of Soviet commissars on sight, and the Night and Fog Decree, which stipulated that resistance members and saboteurs arrested in western Europe be brought to Germany for trial by special courts. [4] After being promoted to captain, Keitel was then posted to the staff of an infantry division in 1915. [5] After the war, Keitel was retained in the newly created Reichswehr of the Weimar Republic and played a part in organizing the paramilitary Freikorps units on the Polish border. [43], In his statement before the Tribunal, Keitel said: "As these atrocities developed, one from the other, step by step, and without any foreknowledge of the consequences, destiny took its tragic course, with its fateful consequences. [28], In January 1943, just before the final surrender at Stalingrad, Hitler agreed to the creation of a three-man committee with representatives of the State, the Armed Forces High Command, and the Party in an attempt to centralize control of the war economy and over the home front. Defiant to the end, his last words were: “I call on God Almighty to have mercy on the German people. This time around, Hitler is not the main-character, but important people in The Third Reich, which mostly were officers in the German Wehrmacht. [42], After the war, Keitel faced the International Military Tribunal (IMT), which indicted him on all four counts before it: conspiracy to commit crimes against peace, planning, initiating and waging wars of aggression, war crimes and crimes against humanity. This time around, Hitler is not the main-character, but important people in The Third Reich, which mostly were officers in the German Wehrmacht. [43] In court, Keitel admitted that he knew many of Hitler's orders were illegal. Playing a vital role in the German re-armament, he traveled at least once to the Soviet Union to inspect secret Reichswehr training camps. 13, no. "[45] To underscore the criminal rather than military nature of Keitel's acts, the Allies denied his request to be shot by firing squad. [21] On one occasion, Burkhart Müller-Hillebrand [de] asked who Keitel was: upon finding out he became horrified at his own failure to salute his superior. While a stronger personality might have challenged Hitler, Keitel was fiercely loyal and became little more than a conduit for Hitler's policies. Wilhelm Bodewin Johann Gustav Keitel (German pronunciation: [ˈkaɪ̯tl̩]; 22 September 1882 – 16 October 1946) was a German field marshal and war criminal who held office as Chief of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) – the high command of Nazi Germany's Armed Forces– during World War II. In the autumn of 1932, he suffered a heart attack and double pneumonia. Ever the yes-man, Keitel publicly supported Hitler, even when, as with the invasions of France and the Soviet Union, he housed private reservations. "[50] The trap door was small, causing head injuries to Keitel and several other condemned men as they dropped. [16], Field Marshal Ewald von Kleist labelled Keitel nothing more than a "stupid follower of Hitler" because of his servile "yes man" attitude with regard to Hitler. Wilhelm Keitel was one of Adolf Hitler’s leading generals in World War Two. Three years later, he returned to field command. The committee members were Keitel, (Chief of OKW) Hans Lammers (Chief of the Reich Chancellery) and Martin Bormann (Chief of the Party Chancellery). 1 In Downfall 2 In Downfall Parodies 3 Transcript 4 Trivia 5 Gallery Hitler is looking through a magnifying glass at a map showing Bucharest. [8][9] After assuming office, Keitel was promoted to lieutenant general on 1 January 1936. However, there were insufficient German forces to carry out such counterattacks. We all now the "famous" German officers during World War 2 like Wilhelm Keitel, Erich von Manstein and Friederich von Paulus. In 1938, Keitel was appointed head of the Supreme Command of the Armed Forces (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht; OKW), that agency which replaced the German War Ministry and which bore responsibility over the army, navy, and air force. Even though his role as the head of the Supreme Command of the German Armed Forces was largely symbolic, Keitel was complicit in the mass atrocities and war crimes committed in the name of the Third Reich, including the genocide of European Jewry. After the invasion of Poland, he had received a “bonus” of 100,000 Reichsmarks for his loyalty. We all now the "famous" German officers during World War 2 like Wilhelm Keitel, … It also noted several instances where he issued illegal orders on his own authority. He was tried and convicted at the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg for war crimes and crimes against humanity and sentenced to death. "Preußische Feldmarschälle meutern nicht!" [32] The criminal nature of the invasion was now obvious; local commanders continued to express shock and protest over the events they were witnessing. Keitel's behavior earned him … [52], German chief of the Wehrmacht high command and war criminal, Role in crimes of the Wehrmacht and the Holocaust. In 1935, on advice from Commander-in-Chief General Werner von Fritsch, Keitel was promoted to Major General and in 1937 to Colonel General. Die meisten hochrangigen Offiziere, Genres … Keitel was reviled among his military colleagues as Hitler's habitual "yes-man". Wilhelm Bodewin Gustav Keitel [IPA:Vɪlhɛlm kaɪtɐl] (22 September 1882 – 16 October 1946) was a German Field Marshal and Adolf Hitler's chief of the Armed Forces' Supreme Command during WWII. [clarification needed] During the war he was subject to verbal abuse from Hitler, who said to other officers (according to Gerd von Rundstedt) that "you know he has the brains of a movie usher ... (but he was made the highest ranking officer in the Army) ... because the man’s as loyal as a dog" (said by Hitler with a sly smile). Rochus Misch, who died aged 96 in 2013, says he walked in on Eva Braun in 'flimsy nighty' Frühe Gefolgsleute und Förderer Hitlers. Woods. Although the tribunal's charter allowed "superior orders" to be considered a mitigating factor, it found Keitel's crimes were so egregious that "there is nothing in mitigation". He was sentenced to death and executed by hanging in 1946. This is a list of Hitler’s top 10 henchmen, who they were and a brief explanation of their roles. Instead, he was executed at Nuremberg Prison by hanging. After Hitler's suicide on 30 April, Keitel stayed on as a member of the short-lived Flensburg government under Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz. 2019-03-16 00:13:20. ORF III zeigt mit der Reihe über die 6 wichtigsten deutschen Generäle Hitlers eine faszinierende TV-Analyse der Nazizeit. Railton, Nicholas M. “Henry Gerecke and the Saints of Nuremberg.” Kirchliche Zeitgeschichte, vol. As chief of the OKW, Keitel was also ultimately responsible for the cooperation between the Einsatzgruppen and the military in the murder of Jews and other civilians in the Soviet Union and for the brutal treatment of Soviet prisoners of war. So on 4 February 1938 when Hitler became Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, Keitel (to the astonishment of the General Staff, including himself) became Chief of Staff. Als Chef des OKW war es Keitels Aufgabe, Hitlers teils völkerrechtswidrigen Weisungen mit seiner Unterschrift Befehlskraft zu verleihen. This influenced Thomas' second study which offered a glowing recommendation for the invasion based upon fabricated economic benefits. The result was that nothing changed, and the Committee declined into irrelevance. At the same time, Keitel increased pressure on Otto von Stülpnagel, the military commander in France, for a more ruthless reprisal policy in the country. However, Adolf Hitler quickly assumed supreme command of all German armed forces, thus almost immediately superseding Keitel's authority. He joined the German Army and in 1902 became a second lieutenant in the 46th Field Artillery. [19] He was known by his peers as a "blindingly loyal toady" of Hitler, nicknamed "Lakeitel"; or "Nickgeselle", after a popular metal toy of a nodding donkey, the "Nickesel". We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel served as commander of all German armed forces during World War II. Die Anweisungen zur Ausrottung der polnischen Eliten trug er widerspruchslos mit und verteidigte sie gegenüber Kritikern. There, Keitel signed the German surrender to the Soviet Union. View the list of all donors. Keitel also signed the infamous “Night and Fog Decree,” resulting in the murder of thousands of resistance fighters, and the Commando Order which ordered the extra-legal killing of Allied special operations troops, even when these were captured in uniform. [11] Upon reviewing this information, Keitel suggested that the dossier be forwarded to Hitler's deputy, Hermann Göring, who used it to bring about Blomberg's resignation. Dieser wies ihn an, generalstabsmäßige Vorbereitungen für eine Auseinandersetzung mit der Tschechoslowakei einzuleiten: Fall Grün [19] . Five days later he was arrested along with the rest of the Flensburg Government, at the request of the U.S.[31], Keitel had full knowledge of the criminal nature of the planning and the subsequent Invasion of Poland, agreeing to its aims in principle. It was Keitel whom Dönitz authorized to sign a document of surrender to Soviet forces in Berlin, following General Alfred Jodl's signing of unconditional surrender documents for all German forces on May 7. After Hitler took command of the Wehrmacht in 1938, he replaced the ministry with the OKW, with Keitel as its chief. He was hanged on October 16, 1946. [14] When after von Blomberg was asked by Hitler (out of respect for him, after his dismissal in 1938) who he would recommend to replace him he had not suggested anyone, and suggested that Hitler himself should take over the job. In diesem Buch hat sich KNOPP mit Rommel, Keitel, Manstein, Paulus, Udet und Canaris auseinandergesetzt. [34] The orders went beyond established codes of conduct for the military and broadly allowed the execution of Jews, civilians and non-combatants for any reason. [24] Keitel conducted the negotiations of the French armistice, and on 19 July 1940 was promoted to Generalfeldmarschall (Field Marshal). Keitel formally endorsed the state of affairs in September, reiterating for the armed forces that "evacuation of the Jews must be carried out thoroughly and its consequences endured, despite any trouble it may cause over the next three or four months". Zum Beispiel das erste ausführliche Vier-Augen-Gespräch zwischen Keitel und Hitler seit dem „Klimasturz“, geführt in Winniza am 18. These included the infamous “Criminal Orders:”. 112–137. Adolf Hitler's 'last bodyguard' reveals what happened in Nazi leader’s final minutes in the Berlin bunker. [13] As a result of his appointment, Keitel assumed the responsibilities of Germany's War Minister. After Hitler's suicide in Berlin on April 30, 1945, Keitel joined the short-lived “Flensburg Cabinet” which formed under Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz in the last weeks of the war. In that capacity, Keitel signed a number of criminal orders and directives that led to a war of unprecedented brutality and criminality. Heinrich Himmler was captured by the British Army. Commanders in the field interpreted and carried out the orders. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/43750887. [49] The corpses of Keitel and the other nine executed men were, like Hermann Göring's, cremated at Ostfriedhof (Munich) and the ashes were scattered in the river Isar. Around 7,000 people were arrested, many of whom were tortured by the Gestapo, and around 5,000 were executed. The committee, soon known as the Dreierausschuß (Committee of Three), met eleven times between January and August 1943. In this capacity, he was responsible for secretly planning, reorganizing, and eventually enlarging the German army in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Joseph Stalin considered this an affront, so a second signing was arranged at the Berlin suburb of Karlshorst 8 May. During World War I, Keitel served on the western front as a battery commander and then staff officer. In diesem Buch hat sich KNOPP mit Rommel, Keitel, Manstein, Paulus, Udet und Canaris auseinandergesetzt. [21] German officers consistently bypassed him and went directly to Hitler. Auf dieses verhängnisvolle Credo zogen sich führende Militärs wie Erich von Manstein im Konflikt zwischen soldatischem Gehorsam und Widerstand gegen einen verbrecherischen Kriegsherren zurück. As a commoner, he did not join the cavalry, but a field artillery regiment in Wolfenbüttel, serving as adjutant from 1908. Amazon.de - Kaufen Sie Hitlers Krieger, Teil 1-6 günstig ein. Ever the yes-man, Keitel publicly supported Hitler, even when, as with the invasions of France and the Soviet Union, he housed private reservations. 22 September 1939 Adolf Hitler on a balcony crowded with military officers where several pairs of Scherenfernrohr are set up to view the siege of Warsaw. Another work by Keitel later published in English was named Questionnaire on the Ardennes offensive. [7], In 1935, at the recommendation of General Werner von Fritsch, Keitel was promoted to the rank of major general and appointed chief of the Reich Ministry of War's Armed Forces Office (Wehrmachtsamt), which oversaw the army, navy, and air force. I follow now my sons – all for Germany. The Allies tried Keitel along with other senior Nazis before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Lesen Sie jetzt „Die Deutschen - Hitlers willige Mordgesellen“. It was a finely balanced team of military commanders, administrative leaders and Ministers of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Keitel nahm dies wortlos zur Kenntnis und ließ eine vorläufige Weisung vorbereiten [20] . Keitel had reached the rank of captain by the outbreak of the First World War. [49] His last words were: "I call on God Almighty to have mercy on the German people. "[36] In September 1941, concerned that some field commanders on the Eastern Front did not exhibit sufficient harshness in implementing the May 1941 order on the "Guidelines for the Conduct of the Troops in Russia", Keitel issued a new order, writing: "[The] struggle against Bolshevism demands ruthless and energetic action especially also against the Jews, the main carriers of Bolshevism". Die Reihe "Hitlers Helfer" dokumentiert in eindrucksvoller Weise das Leben und den Werdegang der engsten Vertrauten des Diktators. Instead, he embarked on a military career in 1901, becoming an officer cadet of the Prussian Army. [6] Shortly after his recovery, in October 1933, Keitel was appointed as deputy commander of the 3rd Infantry Division; in 1934, he was given command of the 22nd Infantry Division at Bremen. The army lost control over the matter when the SS assumed command of all Jewish forced labour in July 1942. Sein Bruder Carl August Canaris (1881–1934) wurde Manager in der Stahlindustrie.. Er wuchs zunächst in Aplerbeck auf. In 1924, Keitel was transferred to the Ministry of the Reichswehr in Berlin, serving with the Truppenamt ('Troop Office'), the post-Versailles disguised German General Staff. [1] On 18 April 1909, Keitel married Lisa Fontaine, a wealthy landowner's daughter at Wülfel near Hanover. Keitel bluntly dismissed the problems, telling Thomas that Hitler would not want to see it. Wie schon bei „Hitlers Helfer“ muss man das Buch als groben Einblick verstehen, um sich einmal ein oberflächliches Bild über die führenden Generäle des Zweiten Weltkriegs zu machen. Although technically the commander-in-chief of all German military forces, Keitel wielded little power and was disdained by many of his fellow generals for allowing Hitler to take virtual control of the German army. Sie finden Rezensionen und Details zu einer vielseitigen Blu-ray- und DVD-Auswahl – … [30], In April and May 1945, during the Battle of Berlin, Keitel called for counterattacks to drive back the Soviet forces and relieve Berlin. Wie schon bei „Hitlers Helfer“ muss man das Buch als groben Einblick verstehen, um sich einmal ein oberflächliches Bild über die führenden Generäle des Zweiten Weltkriegs zu machen. Hitler snapped his fingers and exclaimed "That’s exactly the man I’m looking for". More than two million German soldiers went to their death for the Fatherland before me. Among his colleagues, he was privately known as “Lackeitel,” (“Lackey Keitel”), a play on words of the German word “Lakei” (“lackey”). It was later re-edited as The Memoirs of Field-Marshal Keitel by Walter Görlitz .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}ISBN 978-0-8154-1072-0. Helfer Hitlers. September 1942 von 15.30 bis 16.55 Uhr. Keitel, then a colonel, served in the Truppenamt (troop office), an agency which concealed the existence of the proscribed Army General Staff. He was also complicit in the use of civilian forced labor. [16], The planning for Operation Barbarossa, the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union, was begun tentatively by Halder with the redeployment of the 18th Army into an offensive position against the Soviet Union. Each episode is about a different character from Hitler`s Germany. April 1938 wurde Keitel allein zu Hitler befohlen. ... Als 17-Jähriger traf Schirach 1925 erstmals Adolf Hitler und wurde zu dessen begeistertem Anhänger. [2], Keitel was 6 ft. 1 in. The orders were signed by Keitel; however, other members of the OKW and the OKH, including Halder, wrote or changed the wording of his orders. Walther Lucht ... Wilhelm Keitel Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Zudem ist der Grad der Beteiligung an den nationalsozialistischen Verbrechen bei jeder Person unterschiedlich. [19], The IMT rejected this defence and convicted him on all charges. Nach dem Balkanfeldzug und ersten Kampfhandlungen mit jugoslawischen Partisanengruppen gab Keitel am 16. His sycophancy was well known in the army, and he acquired the nickname 'Lakeitel', a pun derived from Lakai ("lackey") and his surname. He was the third highest-ranking German officer to be tried at Nuremberg. [12], Hitler took command of the Wehrmacht in 1938 and replaced the War Ministry with the Supreme Command of the Armed Forces (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht), with Keitel as its chief. Adolf Hitler’s inner circle were the most powerful men in the Third Reich. Liste der wichtigsten Komplizen Hitlers Die Liste ist auf 28 Personen beschränkt und natürlich beliebig erweiterbar. Wilhelm Keitel was born near Bad Gandersheim in what is today the state of Lower Saxony, Germany, on September 22, 1882. On May 13, 1945, Keitel was arrested with the rest of the Flensburg Cabinet. However, it had little autonomy, with Hitler reserving most final decisions to himself. EXPRESS zeichnet seine Geschichte nach. More than 2 million German soldiers went to their death for the fatherland before me. Our job is to suppress a way of life. Keitel did not contest the regime's assault upon basic human rights or counter the role of the Einsatzgruppen in the murders. [4], Now a lieutenant-colonel, Keitel was again assigned to the Ministry of War in 1929 and was soon promoted to Head of the Organizational Department ("T-2"), a post he held until Adolf Hitler took power in 1933. [39] In October 1942, Keitel signed the Commando Order that authorized the killing of enemy special operations troops even when captured in uniform. Hitlers Helfer. TTY: 202.488.0406, Holocaust Survivors and Victims Resource Center. He was found guilty on all counts of the indictment: crimes against humanity, crimes against peace, criminal conspiracy, and war crimes. [26] Hitler asked for war studies to be completed[27] and Georg Thomas was given the task of completing two studies on economic matters. Franz Halder, however, told him: "Don't worry, it's only Keitel". In its judgment against him, the IMT wrote, "Superior orders, even to a soldier, cannot be considered in mitigation where crimes as shocking and extensive have been committed consciously, ruthlessly and without military excuse or justification." 100 Raoul Wallenberg Place, SW Volker Ullrich schreibt über das Thema „[super_title]“. Most of the case against him was based on his signature being present on dozens of orders that called for soldiers and political prisoners to be killed or 'disappeared'. [46], The day of the execution Keitel told prison chaplain Henry F. Gerecke "You have helped me more than you know. Wie schon bei „Hitlers Helfer“ muss man das Buch als groben Einblick verstehen, um sich einmal ein oberflächliches Bild über die führenden Generäle des Zweiten Weltkriegs zu machen. [38], In December 1941, Hitler instructed the OKW to subject, with the exception of Denmark, Western Europe (which was under military occupation) to the Night and Fog Decree. Those carrying out the murders were exempted from court-martial or later being tried for war crimes. He had been promoted because of his willingness to function as Hitler's mouthpiece. The participants did not object to the invasion. Keitel's behavior earned him contempt in army circles. Hitler talks to Keitel is a scene in Downfall that is commonly used in parodies. In 1901, he joined the Prussian army as an artillery officer. Main telephone: 202.488.0400 Wilhelm Keitel, the son of a landowner, was born in Helmscherode on 22nd September 1882. [37] Also in September, Keitel issued an order to all commanders, not just those in the occupied Soviet Union, instructing them to use "unusual severity" to stamp out resistance.

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